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Kahani Bazaar

SRIRANGAM- Tamil Nadu

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Introduction Srirangam - Thiruvarangam in Tamil is an island and a part of the city of Tiruchirapalli, in Tamil Nadu. Bounded by the Kaveri River (also known as Cauvery River) on one side, and the Kaveri distributary Kollidam (Coleroon) on the other side, Srirangam is home to a significant population of Srivaishnavites. 

How to get there 

Air: Tiruchirappalli has an airport (16km). Air India connects Trichy with Chennai, Sharjah, Kuwait, Colombo, Singapore and Malaysia. 

Rail: Railway connects all important cities within the state and other states. 

Road: Good network of road links all cities and towns. 

Local Transport: City Bus service to all places of Tourist interest from Central Bus Stand and from Chinthamani-Main Guard Gate Bus Stand, Tourist Taxis, Autos and Rickshaws are available.

Srirangam Temple 

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The District's most important pilgrim centre is located in an island just 10 kms from Trichy, Srirangam, surrounded by the waters of River Kaveri on one side and its distributary Kollidam on the other side is a 600 acre island-town enclosed within the seven walls of the gigantic Lord Ranganathaswami Temple. There are 21 Gopurams, among which the Rajagopuram is the tallest in South India. The 72mtr. high 13-tiered Raja Gopuram was built in 1987 and dominates the landscape for miles around, while the remaining 20 Gopurams were built between the 14th and 17th centuries. Originally, there was just a small shrine where the Temple is today, but it was added on to and expanded by the Cholas, Cheras, Pandyas, Hoysalas, the Vijayanagar Kings and Nayaks of Madurai.

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stands Srirangam the biggest Temple as complex in the country. The complex houses shrines of dozens of forms of Vishnu including Chakkarathazhwar, Narasimha, Rama, Hayagreeva and GopalaKrishna. There separate shrines for Ranganayaki and the major saints in the tradition, including Ramanuja. The Venugopala shrine in the south-west corner of the fourth enclosure of the temple is the work of Chokkanatha are Nayak. An inscription of 1674 specifies this Nayak King as the patron. The exterior of the vimana and attached mandap have finely worked plasters with fluted shafts, double capitals and pendant lotus brackets.

Vaikunta Ekadasi

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Pagal Pathu (10 day time) and Ra Pathu (10 night time) festival is celebrated in the month of Margazhi (December-January) for twenty days. The first ten days are referred as Pagal-Pathu (10 day-time festival) and the second half as Ra Pathu (10 night-time festival). The first day of Ra pathu is Vaikunta Ekadasi. The eleventh day of each fortnight in Tamil calendar is called Ekadasi and the holiest of all ekadesis as per vaishnavite tradition is the Vaikunta Ekadasi. Nammazhwar, one of the 12 azhwars, is believed to have ascended to vaikuntam (the heavenly abode of Vishnu) on this day. 
The devotion of the 9th-century poet, Nammazhwar, and his perceived ascent to heaven are enacted annually. During the festival, through song and dance, this place is affirmed to be Bhoologa Vaikunta (heaven on earth). The festival deity is brought to the 1000-pillared hall on the morning of Vaikunta Ekadasi through the Paramapada Vasal (gate to paradise). Lakhs of pilgrims rush to enter it after the gate is opened and the deity passes through it as it is believed that one who enters here will reach vaikuntam (heaven) after death. The gate is open only during the ten days of Pagal Pathu (10 day-time festival). On the last day of the festival, the poet Nammazhwar is said to be given salvation. 

Yatri Niwas
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It is located in the North side of the Srirangam Temple on the Bank of the River Coleroon. It has basic amenities including stay and food for the devotees' visit to this holy place. It can accommodate more than 1000 people at one go, an amenity much needed in the area with minimal count of hotels. 
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Consisting of 612 single rooms, 24 family cottages and 98 double rooms, accommodation at Srirangam temple is charged between Rs. 500 per day to Rs. 1750 depending on the amenities provided. Even air conditioned rooms are available for stay at reasonable costs enabling budgeted accommodation for devotees from far flung areas. 

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Accommodation at Srirangam temple has also eased the visit of devotees to nearby Jambukeswarar Akilandeswari Temple at Tiruvanaikoil. While Srirangam temple Trust will undertake the maintenance of rooms / accommodation, other facilities like canteen, laundry and conveyance are outsourced. Atleast 50% of the rooms in Yatri Niwas at Srirangam temple will be available for online bookings through the temple website at www.srirangam.org and the balance for direct arrivals. Apart from accommodation, the building complex includes a shopping mall, tonsure house, restaurant, laundry, rest room for drivers and parking area.

Butterfly Park and Natchathiravanam
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It was established on 30 acres of land in the Upper Anaicut reserve forest area between the Cauvery and Coleroon. A tourist can have entertainment and fun with their at the Butterfly Park which is 8 Kms away from Srirangam. As Butterflies thrive in relatively cool places, the Forest families and children Department has setup an artificial pond with attractive plants all around. A fountain which can pump water to a height of above 30 mtrs is another attraction. 
Butterfly park


After crossing the artificial pond two ball-shaped massive interpretation centre of Butterfly is the main attraction at the conservatory. The main places of the Butterfly Park are Children's Park, Conservatory, Laboratory, Entertainment Infrastructure and varieties of trees and Natchathiravanam.

Amma Mandapam Ghat, Srirangam: 

The banks of the river are the site of a series of ceremonies and rituals, as pilgrims bath for good fortune, priests pray for child birth and mourners scatter ashes. Pilgrims come here to purify themselves before offering further pooja at the temple. Many ceremonies take place on the 10th day after death of a Hindu. 

Thiruvanaikkaval: Situated 2 km east of Srirangam, this beautiful Siva Temple steals the show from the larger Ranganathaswami Temple due to its excellent architectural design. The Temple is named after the elephant which is believed to have worshipped Lord Siva here and installed under an ancient Jambu tree. The Lingam is partially submerged by water and is meant-to represent Water, one of the five elements. 
According to the legend there was once a forest of jambu trees in the place of modern Tiruvanaikka, Nearby was a tank called Chandratheertha which was filled by water from the river Cauvery. 
Lord shiva appeared as a Lingam under one of the trees. The lingam came to be called the Jambulingam. Due to a curse, two of the shiva ganas Pushpadanta and Malyava, were born in the forest as a white elephant and as a spider. The elephant worshipped the Lingam with flowers and with water brought in its trunk. The spider too worshipped the Lingam, spinning out a web over the Lingam to prevent leaves of the tree from falling on it. 

Rock Fort
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Trichy's most famed landmark is an 83 mtr. tall rock fort which is the only outcrop in the otherwise flat land of the city. The most amazing fact about the rock is that it is one of the oldest in the world approximately 3,800 million years, which makes it as old as the rocks of Greenland and older than the Himalayas. 
The sheer abruptness of its rise is an attention grabber in itself. But the actual centre of attraction is not the fort itself, of which very little remains, but the temple at the summit. 427 steps hewn out of rock lead to the top where there are inscriptions dating back to the 3rd century B.C. Hardly anything remains of the ramparts but the Main Guard Gate is still intact. 
The fort played an important role during the Carnatic Wars and according to an inscription, mainly contributed to lay the foundations of the British Empire in India. Atop the rock is the Uchipillaiyar Koil, a Temple dedicated to Lord Vinayaka from where one can enjoy a panoramic view of Trichy. A flight of steps leads to the Thayumanavarswami Temple, dedicated to Lord Siva where the lingam is a projection of the rock itself. 
Below the Siva Temple there are two Pallava cave Temples that have beautiful sculptures of the 6th and 7th centuries A.D. At the foot of the Rock Fort is a tank and a pavilion which are used during the float festival of the temples. Near the tank is the house where Robert Clive lived when he was in Trichy and an 18th century Christ Church built by Reverend Schwartz of Denmark. The house is now part of Tiruchi's famous St.Joseph's College. 

Samayapuram 

This is a very famous pilgrimage centre dedicated to the Goddess Mariamman. It is one among the abodes of Shakti in India. Panch Prakaram, Poochoriyal Vizha and Brahmotsavam are some of the festivals that attract many devotees.

St.Lourdes Church
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The Church located near the Rock Fort Teppakulam based on the French architecture is the oldest one of its kind. Church of Our Lady of Lourdes is the replica of the Basillica of Lourdes, the world famous place of pilgrimage in South France. 

Vayaloor: A very fine picnic spot located on the outskirts of Tiruchirappalli having a Temple dedicated to Lord Murugan in the midst of lush green vegetation.

Thiruvellarai :A Vaishnava Temple known as Pundareekasha Perumal Temple is situated here. This Temple is one among the 108 Divya desams sanctified by the songs rendered by Azhwars. It has the pride of Mangalasasanam made to the shrine by the Periazhwar and Thirumangai Azhwar. This is also a noted Archaeological site having Cave Temple and Swastika Tank.

Uthamar Koil :Here one can worship Lord Brahma (the creator), Lord Vishnu (the protector), the Lord Shiva (the destroyer) within the same Temple complex. So this place is called Thirumurthi Shektram or Kadambavanam. Uthamarkoil in Karumbanur is one of the most famous shrines denoted in 108 Vaishnava Divyadesam's Paadal Sthalams.

Nadhirsha Dharga 
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The Dharga built 1000 years ago, stands as a holy place for muslims. The festival of 'urs' is celebrated in this mosque every year with à great boom. Many devotees from various parts of Tamil nadu visit this mosque during the festival rituals. 

Gunaseelam is located on the northern bank of River Cauvery in between Tiruchirappalli-Musiri Road. A Vaishnava Temple dedicated to Lord Prasanna Venkateswarar attracts many devotees to this place.

Planetorium :Planetorium / Anna Science Center is located on Pudukottai Road near Airport. Programmes in Tamil and English versions are shown daily. Tamil version: 10.30am, 1.00pm, 3.30pm, 4.45pm English Version: 11.45am, 2.15pm. Entry Fee Adult: Rs.12/- Child Rs.6/-(below 12yrs) Environmental Gallery Entry Fee Adult: Rs.5/- Child Rs.2/- (below 12yrs) Science Park Entry Fee: Rs.1/- Phone: 0431 2331921/2332190 Timing: 10.00 am to 5.45 pm (all days except Three National Holidays) 

Government Museum : Government Museum is located in Rani Mangammal Choultry near Town Hall. This museum contains bronze and granite statues. The art and architecture, the heritage of Trichy district, History, Culture and Civilization are depicted here. Entrance Fee Adult: Rs. 5/- Students: Rs. 2/-, Foreigners: Rs. 100/-

EXCURSIONS 

Puliancholai 
A beautiful picnic spot located at the foot of the hills in the forest area. At the top of kolli hills, there is a waterfalls known as Dakshina Ganga, the water of this cataract carrying the medicinal properties has reached puliancholai and joins the kollidam, the distributary of Cauvery. It is a perennial stream. 

Mukkombu (Upper Anaicut) 
A place located on the Trichy-Karur Road with a significance of bifurcation of Cauvery into two branches named River Cauvery and Kollidam. This is a beautiful picnic spot with lush green trees, meadows and parks.

Kallanai (Grand Anaicut)
The Grand Anaicut, built by Karikal Cholan in the 2nd Century A.D. to harness the waters of the Cauvery is one among the greatest engineering marvels of India. The dam is 329m long and 20m wide made up of stone is still very much in use. 

Pachamalai 
A lush green vegetative hill range near Thuraiyur is known as Pachamalai. It is very fine picnic spot to enjoy the nature. The tribal people have been residing here. Their habits and way of life lure many foreign tourists to the spot. 

Viralimalai
A small hillock, having a temple dedicated to Lord Subramanya. It is said to be existed before 15 century A.D. There is a very fine peacock sanctuary having different kinds of peacocks. The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Subramanya seated on a peacock with his two consorts on either side.

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